High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is blood pressure that is higher than normal. Your blood pressure changes throughout the day based on your activities. Having blood pressure measures consistently above normal may result in a diagnosis of high blood pressure (or hypertension).
The higher your blood pressure levels, the more risk you have for other health problems, such as heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. Blood pressure is the pressure of blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. Arteries carry blood from your heart to other parts of your body. Your blood pressure normally rises and falls throughout the day.
High blood pressure can damage your arteries by making them less elastic, which decreases the flow of blood and oxygen to your heart and leads to heart disease. In addition, decreased blood flow to the heart can cause:
Chest pain, also called angina.
Heart attack, which happens when the blood supply to your heart is blocked and heart muscle begins to die without enough oxygen. The longer the blood flow is blocked, the greater the damage to the heart. Heart failure, a condition that means your heart can’t pump enough blood and oxygen to your other organs.
What do blood pressure numbers mean?
Blood pressure is measured using two numbers:
The first number, called systolic blood pressure, measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats.
The second number, called diastolic blood pressure, measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart rests between beats. If the measurement reads 120 systolic and 80 diastolic, you would say, “120 over 80,” or write, “120/80 mmHg.”
What are normal blood pressure numbers?
A normal blood pressure level is less than 120/80 mmHg. No matter your age, you can take steps each day to keep your blood pressure in a healthy range. High blood pressure usually develops over time. Dr Motameni indicates that high blood pressure can happen because of unhealthy lifestyle choices, such as not getting enough regular physical activity. Certain health conditions, such as diabetes and having obesity, can also increase the risk for developing high blood pressure. High blood pressure can also happen during pregnancy.
Dr Motameni recommends you take the initiative and help us to manage and diagnose high blood pressure and make treatment decisions by reviewing your systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels and comparing them to levels found in certain guidelines regularly.
When your blood pressure is too high for too long, it damages your blood vessels – and LDL (bad) cholesterol begins to accumulate along tears in your artery walls. This increases the workload of your circulatory system while decreasing its efficiency.
As a result, high blood pressure puts you at greater risk for developing life-changing and potentially life-threatening conditions.
High blood pressure can lead to:
Hear Attack– High blood pressure damages arteries that can become blocked and prevent blood flow to the heart muscle. Stroke – High blood pressure can cause blood vessels in the brain to clog more easily or even burst. Heart Failure – The increased workload from high blood pressure can cause the heart to enlarge and fail to supply blood to the body. Kidney disease or Failure – High blood pressure can damage the arteries around the kidneys and interfere with their ability to filter blood effectively. Vision Loss – High blood pressure can strain or damage blood vessels in the eyes. Sexual Dysfunction – High blood pressure can lead to erectile dysfunction in men or lower libido in women. Angia – Over time, high blood pressure can lead to heart disease or Micro-Vascular Disease (MVD) . Angina, or chest pain, is a common symptom.